"Consequences! War & Climate refugees from the horn of Africa"
The world's largest refugee camp in Dadaab, Kenya is bursting at the seams with more than 300,000 occupants, and more coming everyday. Many of them have left the southern part of Somalia due to the ongoing war in their country. Others are so called "climate refugees", people who were forced to leave their homes following several months of severe drought.
The already precarious situation created by the drought in their homelands, recently worsened following heavy rains, thought to be a result of the warming of the Pacific Ocean creating chaos in global weather patterns, known as the El Nino effect. With the arid land too dry to absorb rainfall, floodwaters are rising, destroying shelters and contaminating sanitation facilities. As a result, waterborne diseases such as malaria are thriving and rapidly infecting the thousands forced to drink from the polluted water.
In the central part of Somalia, in Puntland - refugees from the South are mixed with refugees arriving from Ethiopia. People who have been forced to leave due to the severe drought and lack of water and food. The nutrition situation remains of great concern with continuing critical levels of global acute malnutrition being recorded across population categories. An estimated 180,000 children are believed to be acutely malnourished, of which 26,000 are severely malnourished and in need of urgent nutritional rehabilitation.
The situation is getting worse week by week.
Many people try to leave the Horn of Africa and get to Yemen, a country facing challenges related to the arrival of thousands of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants from the Horn of Africa. While some flee war, others arrive to escape the severe climate situation in the Horn of Africa, looking for a better and more secure life in the Gulf States and beyond. Some 50,000 people arrived on the coast of Yemen in 2008 alone. Hoping for a better life only to find that the situation is hardly any better.
The UN estimated that by 2050 there will be more than 50 million climate refugees in Africa.
Dadaab refugeecamp - 90 kilometers from the somali border. the world biggest refugeecamp with apx. 300.000 people living there.
Due to heavy rain, big areas of the Dadaab refugeecamp is flooded,contaminating the drinking water. more rain is expected and a general fear of an El nino to hit the area. The contamineted still water is also perfect conditions for malaria mosqitos and the increase of Malaria cases is already seen.